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What Was The Passover Feast
In Judaism, Passover, Hebrew Pesaḥ or Pesach, is a holiday celebrating the liberation of the Jews from slavery in Egypt and the “passing” of the destructive forces, or the liberation of the firstborn children of Israel as the Lord “conquered the land . Egypt” on the eve of the Exodus. Passover begins on the 15th and ends on the 21st (or outside of Israel and among Reform Jews, the 22nd) of Nisan (March or April). During these seven (or eight) days, all leavened food, whether it is bread or any other mixture, is forbidden and only leavened bread called matzo can be eaten. Matzo refers to the suffering of the Jews in slavery and the rush to Egypt in the Exodus. Easter is sometimes called Saint Peter’s Day.
What Is Passover?
Passover is often celebrated with pomp and ceremony, especially on the first night, when a special family meal called the seder is held. At the feast, food of symbolic importance is eaten and prayers and rituals are performed to commemorate the liberation of the Jews. Although Easter is said to be one of great joy, strict dietary laws must be observed and special prohibitions limit work at the beginning and end of the holiday. Pesach, or Pesach in Hebrew, is one of the holiest days in the Jewish religion. and all around celebrated holidays. In Judaism, Easter commemorates the exodus of the Israelites from ancient Egypt, which can be found, among other things, in the books of the Hebrew Bible Exodus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. Jews celebrate the week-long holiday with a number of important rituals, including the traditional Passover meal known as the seder, the removal of unleavened bread from their homes, the exchange of matzoh for bread, and the story of the Exodus.
Passover 2023 will be from sunset on April 5, 2023 to sunset on April 13, 2023. The day of Passover changes every year because the date is determined by the lunar Jewish calendar, not the Gregorian calendar. It is always in the Jewish month of Nisan.
According to the Hebrew Bible, the first settlement of Jews in ancient Egypt occurs when Joseph, the son of the patriarch Jacob and founder of one of the 12 tribes of Israel, moved his family there because of a famine in his hometown of Kengan.
The Israelites have been living in Goshen for many years, but as the population grows, the Egyptians begin to see them as a threat. After Joseph and his brothers died, the story goes, a particularly hostile pharaoh ordered them to be enslaved and their first-born sons drowned in the Nile.
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One of these unfortunate babies is named Musa (meaning “taken out”) by the pharaoh’s daughter and adopted into the Egyptian royal family.
As Moses matures, he realizes his true identity and the cruel treatment of the Jews by the Egyptians. An Egyptian slave kills his master and flees to the Sinai Peninsula where he lives as a humble shepherd for 40 years.
But one day, according to the Hebrew Bible, Moses receives an order from God to return to Egypt and free his relatives from slavery. Moses visited Pharaoh (not mentioned in the biblical version of the story), who ruled with his brother Aaron, several times and explained that the Jewish God had asked his people for a three-day leave. desert
When Pharaoh refused, God gave 10 plagues to the Egyptians, including turning the Nile River red, diseased cattle, seeds, a flood, and three days of darkness, culminating in the killing of every firstborn by a vengeful angel
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The Israelites mark the doors of their houses with the blood of a lamb so that the angel of death will recognize every Jewish family and “pass by”.
Fearing further punishment, the Egyptians urge their ruler to release the Israelites, and Moses immediately leads them out of Egypt. Pharaoh changes his mind and sends his soldiers to retrieve the former slaves.
When the Egyptian army approaches the fleeing Jews on the shores of the Red Sea, a miracle happens: God causes the sea to part, allowing Moses and his followers to pass safely, then closes the passage and drowns the Egyptians.
According to the Hebrew Bible, the Jews, now in the hundreds of thousands, traveled through the Sinai desert for 40 tumultuous years and finally reached their ancestral home in Canaan, the land of Israel.
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Scholars have debated for centuries the details and historical significance of the events commemorated in Passover. Despite many attempts, historians and archaeologists have not been able to confirm the story of Jewish slavery and mass exodus from Egypt.
Although the ancient Egyptians kept detailed records, there is no mention among them of the community of Israel or of a disaster similar to the 10 plagues of the Bible. There is also no evidence of sudden changes in Israel’s archaeological record of large encampments, Jewish pilgrimage sites, or the departure and return of large populations in the Sinai Peninsula.
Early scholars, including the first-century Jewish historian Josephus, suggested a connection between Israel and the Hyksos, a mysterious Semitic people who controlled lower Egypt for more than 100 years before their expulsion in the 16th century. B.C.
Most modern academics have rejected this theory due to chronological inconsistencies and lack of similarities between the two cultures.
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One of the most important Passover traditions for observant Jews is the elimination of all leavened foods
Religious Jews eat a flat bread called matzo instead of bread. Traditionally, this may be because the Jews fled Egypt so quickly that their bread did not have time to rise, or because matzo bread is lighter and easier to make than regular bread.
During the first two nights of Passover, families and friends gather for the Jewish holiday known as the Seder.
During the meal, the story of the Exodus from Egypt is read from a special text called the Haggadah (Hebrew for “narration”), and rituals are performed that correspond to different aspects of the story. For example, vegetables are dipped in salt water, symbolizing the fall of the Jews as slaves, and bitter herbs (often without horseradish) are eaten, symbolizing the unpleasant years of slavery.
Passover And Non Jews: A Universal Exodus
A seat in the middle of the table contains Passover foods that have special meaning in the story of the exodus, such as matzo, spices, lamb skewers and a mixture of fruits, nuts and wine.
Other typical menu items include matzo kugel (matzo and apple pie), fish patties called gefilte, and horse soup with matzo balls.
Children play an important role in the party and are expected to participate in many rituals. At dinner, the youngest child present asks four questions about what makes this special evening different from other nights.
, a piece of matzo that is hidden in the evening. The finder is rewarded with a prize or money. Peggy Trowbridge Filippone is a writer of delicious recipes for home cooks. Her recipes range from grandma’s favorites to the latest food trends.
Setting The Table For Passover Seder
The Jewish holiday of Passover commemorates the release of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt and recognizes their hardships and freedom. During the first two nights of the seven- or eight-day holiday, the Seder is held, where families recite the Passover with the Haggadah (a written Seder manual) and various symbolic foods. Most of these foods are on the Seder plate, the center of the table. Foods are used to add a sensory element to recalling the Easter story. It brings a deeper experience than words and prayers.
The Seder plate is an important part of the holiday service and dinner, and is often a special dish with six spaces for each of the symbolic foods. Some families have beautiful silver or china plates, while others may use a paper Seder plate that can be decorated by the children of the family or purchased with a printed design. So you don’t really need a plate – you can put a napkin on it and put out the festive food if necessary.
Regardless of which type of seder plate is used, the symbolic foods offered are generally the same. However, family traditions differ, so you can choose a different type of food
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